The record grain harvest in Ukraine this season has led to a number of other good and not so good records. In this regard, the export of early cereals in 2021/22 MY reached a record level. The volume of grain transportation from the company’s elevators to the ports of Ukraine in 2021 increased 4 times compared to 2020.
At the same time, amid high demand, Ukrzaliznytsia has raised the cost of renting grain carriers to a maximum over the past few years.
During the period from July 2021 to October 2021, the cost of transporting 1 ton of grain by railway lines increased 4 times from (380 UAH/ton to 1555 UAH/ton)
The main problems of the season can also be attributed to the shortage of CTL wagons and delays in the delivery of wagons at the request of elevators. In case of non-delivery of the declared number of wagons to the elevator from the UZ side, the problem arises not before the shipment of the volume of grain under contracts from the company.
This year, the growth of abandoned loaded wagons on the tracks increased by 3 times, waiting for breeding between stations. Simple and can reach 4-5 days. Accordingly, this leads to delays in shipments of already distributed wagons and disruptions of the main delivery dates of products to the Odessa and Mykolaiv ports.
In the case of applications for freight forwarders’ own wagons, we are faced with the problem of a queue for 1 month. go ahead, because almost the entire fleet of cars is designed for large orders from multi-national trading companies.
To ensure the uninterrupted supply of products from both depositors and trading contracts for grain supplies, the company uses its own fleet of 70 grain trucks. The cost of transportation today is comparable to railway transportation, periods are even cheaper, but in this current situation, thanks to long-term established contacts and contracts, the company’s cars can be unloaded without delays and downtime at ports.
Prospects for the resumption of cooperation with UZ by G.R. Agro on grain transportation are assessed as acceptable from February 2022 if the tariffs for railway transportation come in order. For the company, shipments of goods by grain wagons in the direction of ports are optimal from the side of one-time closure of contracts with customers on route shipments.